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Expanding World, New Country

By | Copyright Year:2019 | ISBN-13: 9780170425315

The first section of Expanding World, New Country, (EWNC) tracks the transformation from the earliest origins in the long-range Polynesian migrations, which brought the ancestors of the Maori to New Zealand. The text draws on the latest scientific, archaeological and ethnographic research.

The next section looks at the development of Maori society through the colonisation, transitional and traditional phases. Shifting focus to Europe with an overview of the ‘Age of Discovery’ and the Enlightenment, progressing through to Cook’s voyages of exploration to New Zealand. The fourth section explores the arrival of, and Maori interaction with, those who came to exploit the country’s resources – as well as the missionaries. This period laid the foundation for the Treaty of Waitangi.

In the fifth section the text explores the two sides of understandings held on what the Treaty document said and the ongoing implications this had. With the end of unified Maori resistance, the government confiscated land and introduced laws further breaking down Maori communal ownership of land and transferring vast quantities to settler ownership. The loss of this economic base accelerated Maori marginalisation as settler numbers boomed. For Maori, the post-wars’ period becomes one of adjustment to the increasing loss of autonomy, witnessed through the rise of both prophet movements and political efforts.

The final section begins by looking at the socio-economic and political inequalities in Britain, exacerbated by the Industrial Revolution. Concurrent with this were the attempts by Wakefield’s New Zealand Company and the colony’s provincial and central governments to attract what ended up being a tiny proportion of this outflow to these shores. Once here, attention is turned to the nature of both the settlements formed and the values, institutions and expectations of the new New Zealanders, including gender roles, class, societal structure and relationships with the State.


Chapter 1 Pre-European
The short story, to 1800
Colonisation phase, AD 12---1400
The Transitional phase, 1300-1600
The Traditional phase, 1500-1800

Chapter 2 Cook
First Contact
Captain James Cook
Analysis of Cook

Chapter 3 Contact Period
The next ‘contact period’: the resource hunters
Consequences of Contact
Land speculators
Reluctant Empire: towards a Treaty

Chapter 4 Treaty
Why did Britain propose a treaty?
Why did (many) Maori sign the treaty?
The proceedings

Chapter 5 After the Treaty
After the Treaty: sovereignty versus rangatiratanga
Past and present: Waikato Treaty settlement
Past and present: was colonisation really that bad?
Maori and American Indians: a comparison

Chapter 6 Migration and settlement
The rise of Europe: guns, germs and steel
What is ‘British culture’?
Britain in the 18th and early 19th century
The European diaspora
Push factors: socio-economic inequality in 19th century Britain
Push factors: inequality in the political and legal system
The ‘right sort’ of migrant
Obstacles to migration
Pull factors: migration schemes and assisted passage
Pull factors; ‘getting ahead’
Pull factors; kin migration
Pull factors; war
Pull factors: gold
Pull factors: proximity (Australia)
Pull factors: ‘other’
Influences on New Zealand society
1. Demographics
2. Cultural baggage
‘Progress’ and the role of the State (government)