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Sovereignty vs Rangatiratanga: Wars, Laws and Policies

By | Copyright Year:2023 | ISBN-13: 9780170462419

Sovereignty vs Rangatiratanga: Wars, Laws and Policies addresses the theme of Tino Rangatiratanga me Te Kāwanatanga/Government and Organisation in the new curriculum for Aotearoa/NZ histories.

People in canoes voyage south down the Pacific to begin a human history in a resource-rich land. These people form a relationship with the land and create a type of government, authority, laws, policies, organisation. Several centuries later, ships sail down and bring a new people to this land. They say they are the land’s discoverers, decide to make it a colony in their empire and negotiate a treaty with the first people to do this. They introduce their type of government, their authority, their laws, their policies, their organisation. The power struggle that follows involves wars through words and laws, and wars through guns. The first people watch their land and authority get tattered and torn and begin to disappear. The new people think the first people are dying out but the first people rally and try to renegotiate the relationship with the new people to make things more balanced. And they are still doing this. Today, all New Zealanders have the right to stand on this land, to know that they belong to it, and the responsibility to say they understand its history.

Links to the Curriculum

Know: Tino rangatiratanga me te kāwanatanga | Government and organisation

National and local settings: Wars, laws and policies impact generally on all Aotearoa and on local areas specifically; what has relevance in one local area may have no or lesser relevance to another local area. Each chapter has scope for learning about local history.

Mahi Skills: Each chapter has five student activities that consist of a skill relating to Local History and another four general skills.

Processes: Social enquiry, Values exploration, Social decision-making.

A free 48 page downloadable Teacher Guide is available, email to to request the link.


1. Pacific Setting
2. Moriori Myth
3. New Whenua
4. Rangatiratanga
5. Rangatiratanga Meets Sovereignty
6. Relationships
7. Missionary Interaction
8. Letter to a Sovereign
9. A British Resident
10. Flag and Declaration
11. Treaty
12. Colonisation
13. European Immigration
14. Preparing for Power Struggle
15. Fighters in the New Zealand Wars
16. Wairau Affray
17. Northern War Erupts
18. Northern War
19. Wellington War
20. Whanganui War
21. Kīngitanga
22. Taranaki
23. Great South Road
24. Waikato
25. Rangiaowhia
26. Ōrākau
27. Tauranga
28. Raupatu
29. Buying Te Wai Pounamu
30. Native Land Court
31. Pai Mārire
32. East Coast
33. The Chute March
34. Tītokowaru
35. Te Kooti
36. Te Urewera
37. Parihaka
38. Ending Warfare
39. Casualties of War
40. Perspectives
41. Economic Organisation
42. Healing Relationships
43. Trying to Re-Treat
44. Remembering
Word List
Place List


Ruth Naumann is an experienced Social Studies teacher and the author of numerous social studies publications.


Available Stock2662